Schizophrenia treatment involves medications and therapy to reduce complaints and reduce the risk of future psychotic episodes. Treatment with medications and psychosocial therapy can help in good management of the overall condition.
Medications are more effective in controlling positive symptoms. They are not as effective in controlling negative symptoms. They may cause some side-effects of their own.
These are the most commonly prescribed drugs to treat schizophrenia. They’re thought to control symptoms by affecting the brain neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin.
- Typical antipsychotics include Chlorpromazine, Fluphenazine, Haloperidol (Haldol), Perphenazine
- Atypical antipsychotics include Aripiprazole (Abilify), Asenapine (Saphris), Clozapine (Clozaril), Iloperidone (Fanapt), Lurasidone (Latuda), Olanzapine (Zyprexa), Paliperidone (Invega), Quetiapine (Seroquel), Risperidone (Risperdal), Ziprasidone (Geodon).
- Individual therapy – This can help in learning about sickness, learning to cope with stress and identify early warning signs of relapse can help people with schizophrenia manage their life and illness.
- Social skills training – This helps in improving communication and social interactions.
- Family therapy – This helps in giving support and education to families dealing with schizophrenia.
- Vocational rehabilitation – This helps people with schizophrenia in preparing for jobs and also finding and managing jobs.
- Holistic Management – This includes counseling, psychotherapy, hypnotherapy, nutritional therapy, acupuncture and homeopathy. It is very helpful in both acute and long term management.